Moroccan trellis – The Berbers were one of the first tribes to settle in Morocco, as prehistoric paintings dating back to the Paleolithic era depict tribes of warriors entering the Sahara. The carpets made by the Berber tribe still dominate the Moroccan trellis rug industry. Carpets in Morocco were originally handmade by women in the Berber tribe, but today there are men who practice the weaving technique. Wool yarn was the traditional material used, but modern Moroccan trellis rug can include synthetic yarns, such as olefin and nylon. The carpet manufacture uses a Knotted Pile, which gives a flat-patterned mat. The math’s weaving technique is what helps make Berber styles of carpets durable for high-traffic areas.
Ethnic rugs, such as Berber rugs tend to be built on a vertical loom, also known as warp-wings, which have existed since the Neolithic era. What make this loom unique are the weights that are at the bottom, which help keep the vertical hanging warp thread tense. In Berber carpets, additional wires wrapped around these warp weights so the fabric reaches the bottom, the finished sections can be rolled up and he can continue to work. Thus the loom and this weaving technique allow the fabric to construct longer area carpets.
Knotting technology, the tie technique used by the Berber tribe differs from the other linked piles. Rugs are found in other parts of northern Africa and the Middle East uses the Turkish. This technique loop around a warp threads, crosses to the adjacent yarn and loop around it, and so on. The Berber tie technique is more intricate, as it forms almost a figure 8 around two adjacent warp threads. The weft loop around the two yarns and knot before looping around the same two yarn again, and continue to the next two yarns. The result is a denser, heavier weave construction.
Color pattern, the weft thread is what gives the colored thread that gives Berber matte its pattern, as the vertical warp thread is usually not colored. More than one color weft yarn can be used at one point, to produce the geographical motifs, such as birds, flowers, mountains and leaves. Line by line, because the weft thread is inserted and woven and knotted, the pattern is produced. And because each row is ready, a special comb is used to walk between each warp thread to pat each row down. When the carpet is removed from the loom, the weft threads are bound together by two. The excess yarns are trimmed and the woven mat is brushed.